Abstract：China is a country with a long history, and Chinese history has received extensive attention and attention from all walks of life. Most of the researches on Chinese history are from the perspective of central plains, especially the research on “what is China”, which has received extensive attention and attention from all sectors of society. However, there are few comprehensive discussions beyond the central plains and grassland, and there are still many deficiencies. Based on this, this paper mainly analyzes the multi-complex structure of Chinese history, comprehensively sorts out the development process of Chinese history, and reasonably explains the economic, political and social logic of central plains, so as to provide the basis for the subsequent historical research.
Keyword：Chinese history;multicomponent composite structure;philosophy of history;the central plains farming;