Jinchang is one of the serious and resources-induced water shortage citiesnationwide, so it’s of great significance to explore the Jinchang circular agriculture foralleviating the contradiction of local water use and transformational development. Weused the way of literature review unified with questionnaire survey, collected theinformation about the area of agricultural, arable and pasture land, fertilizer and filmcontent, the number of pig, cattle and sheep in stock, employment distribution,income and agricultural industrialization organization and so on; We investigated that:
1) the level of attention from government to the 3 main agricultural parks, cooperationamong parks, the communication cycle between the enterprises in the parks, stafftraining in the parks, mobility of employees and the employees' suggestions to thedevelopment of the parks; 2) the level of attention from government to 4 typicalenterprises, cooperation among enterprises, main structure of circular agriculture andthe problems need to be solved; 3) the awareness level of farmers from 4representative administrative village on circular agriculture, development will andmain problems. We analysed the development status, existing problems anddevelopment countermeasures of circular agriculture in Jinchang at the city, park,enterprise and administrative village scale, respectively, and proposed thecountermeasures to develop the circular agriculture, providing theoretical basis for thedevelopment of circular agriculture in Jinchang.
The problems in the development of circular agriculture in Jinchang were asfollows: 1) The government paied less attention and publicity to the development ofcircular agriculture; 2) There were little cooperation among parks, neglecting thetraining of employees and the great mobility of employees in the parks and theenterprises; 3) There were single industrial structure of the enterprises, short industrialchain, big operation risk, lack of technical talents, agricultural standardization lagging behind and lack of innovation; 4) the enterprises' awareness to the development ofcircular agriculture was weak, the leading role of the leading enterprises was notstrong, the sales of product took traditional channels generally; 5) Enterprises andfarmers were lack of cooperation mechanism. Farmers were lack of experience andtechnology in developing circular agriculture. Agricultural production took mainlydecentralized management, agricultural scale and mechanized management weredifficult to carry out and product sales were based on substantive channels. Thecountermeasures for developing circular agriculture in Jinhang were as follows: 1)The government should set up a platform to strengthen the integration among parks,enterprises and farmers, optimize and integrate the resources of parks and enterprises,and solve the problem of less cooperation; 2) Extend the industrial chain forpromoting the comprehensive utilization of resources，strengthen the use of straw andwaste, and improve the utilization of resources；3) Promote multiple water use modelsto improve the efficiency of water resources utilization. 4) Strengthen the functions ofthe government and enterprises and play the talents efficiency; Expand the team oftechnical staff in township and strengthen the education and guidance to the farmers;5) Perfect publicity channels and play advantages of network; Took the "Internet plus"mode and achieve internet sale of enterprise product.
Key words: urban transformation; circular agriculture; development model;development countermeasure