The position of Chinese Modal Adverbs is generally considered to be flexible.In fact,there are a large number of fixed-position modal adverbs in modern Chinese.Thispaper mainly focuses on the modal adverbs that can only modify the predicate (theOMPMA).That is to say,these words can only be located before the predicate after thesubject.And those mood adverbs that are often in front of the subject with a highflexibility are the MSMA(Modal adverbs that can modify sentences).The MSMA canmove back to the position in the sentence.If the frequency used for the first position ofthe sentence increases and is gradually fixed, these MSMA already have a tendency tobe conjunction.
In previous studies, many scholars have noticed the location of modaladverbs.However, their focus is mainly on the flexibility of the modal adverbposition.Few people have conducted special research on the OMPMA.Therefore, wecount the number of modal adverbs that used in sentences.We define the OMPMA asmood adverbs with a ratio of more than 99% after the subject .
The OMPMA is a category based on the commonality of its syntacticdistribution.They still belong to different mood functional type.According to theclassification criteria of the Modal system from Heyang (1992) and Qi Huyang (2002),this paper reclassifies the modal adverbs from the perspective of function and will.Wehave identified the OMPMA and the MSMA for each subclass. This gives an overallgrasp of the composition of the OMPMA.
We analyze the characteristics of the OMPMA from the aspects of syllables, style,scope and subjectivity.We found some characteristics as follows, (1) Most of themonosyllabic modal adverbs are OMPMA; (2) The modal adverbs with the color ofthe classical Chinese are mostly OMPMA; (3) Most of the OMPMA are half-remarkmodal adverbs with low-level representation; (4) The subjectivity of OMPMA isrelatively strong.
In addition, there are certain rules in the co-occurrence of OMPMA and MSMA.Thispaper studies the co-occurrence of each type in OMPMA by collecting a large amountof real corpus.We find that when OMPMA and MSMA appear in the same sentence,they basically follow the law of OMPMA on the right side of MSMA.The onlyexception is the anti-expected class of the OMPMA.
Key words: modal adverbs , modal adverbs that can modify sentences ,modal adverbsthat can modify sentences, modal type, subjectivity of language, co-occurrence orderof modal adverbs